The shape of the modern world today is all due to the advancement in science and technology, and the field of engineering has lots to contribute in achieving the scientific marvels of today. The purpose of engineering is to design and manufacture the hardware of life. They design, manufacture, repair, modify and construct efficient and economical hardware of life. There are three different levels of engineering courses available in the country.
  • First are the degree courses offered by institutes like IITs, BHU, BITS and NITs
  • Second are the diploma courses offered by polytechnics and the
  • Third is training imparted in different engineering trades by the Industrial Training Institutes (ITI). Here we would be concerned only with the first level of engineering courses i.e. degree courses.

Any candidate after successfully completing 10+2 with physics, chemistry and mathematics as subjects is eligible for pursuing a degree course in engineering. These courses are of 4 years duration and admission in them is either on the basis of merit i.e. marks obtained at 10+2 level or on the basis of selection through entrance examination.
The institute plays a very crucial role in determining the shape of a career in engineering and students passing out from reputed institutes like IITs are in great demand by the industry. Those passing out from such institutes are assured of a head start in their careers and are mostly recruited from the campus, by the end of their final year, with starting emoluments of Upto Rs. 4.5.lakhs per annum. Most of them also have the alternative of going abroad, for further studies, on scholarship.
The branch of engineering is the second most important determinant in shaping of a career. Those choosing Computer Science, Electronics and Telecommunications would definitely have an edge over others as on today. However, it must be realized that the more reputed the institute and more in demand the course the tougher it would be to get admission. Getting into one of the IITs, RECs or other good institutes like Roorkee Engineering College would require good grounding in physics, chemistry and mathematics and thorough preparation for the entrance examination.
Realizing the huge gap between demand and supply for quality education in professional areas like engineering and its limitations in establishing more institutes or providing more funds to the existing ones government has permitted charging of capitation fees for admissions and reserving seats for NRIs to many institutes. There is also the Associate Membership Examination (AMIE) of the Institute of Engineers that enables working people in the private and public sector or Diploma Holders to acquire a Bachelors' Degree through distance learning for career advancement.
The one with excellent background in mathematics, physics and chemistry can go for the engineering courses. Now we shall talk about the Admission Procedure. The Engineering seat is made on the basis of all India or State level entrance examinations - depending upon the admission policies of individual institutions. Payment seats are also available in state engineering colleges.
  • Undergraduate Level: B.E. / B.Tech. courses are offered.
  • Postgraduate Level: M.E / M.Tech courses are available:
  • Direct Postgraduate and courses of M.E. / M.Tech / M.Sc - each of 5 - years duration after + 2 can also be opted at the graduate level itself. Engineering courses are also offered as part-time programmes.
  • All Engineering colleges / universities in India exercise reservation polices(for SC, ST, NRIs, disabled persons, wards of defence personnel etc.) with regard to admission.